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Maa Brahmacharini is second form (incarnation) of the nine forms of Goddess Durga & is worshipped on the second day of Navratri. Maa was named ‘Brahmacharini’, due her harsh penance & chastity that she observed centuries. Worship of Maa Brahmacharini has great importance in terms of both religious and spiritual aspects. In name Brahmacharini ‘Brahma’ means asceticism (self-discipline) and ‘charini’ means conductor. Tenacity is not just about austerity but about facing the challenges of your life firmly. Thus, worship of Maa Brahmacharini on this second day of Navratri, gives us the strength to face difficult situations in life and awakens the Swathisthana Chakra or the Sacral Chakra of the body.
Devotees and seekers receive endless auspicious results from the darshan (sight) of the Goddess Durga in this tapaswini (anchoress) form. It is said that worship of this form is especially fruitful for ascetics (those practising similar self-discipline). At the same time, householders worship this form of Maa to achieve peace in their personal lives.
Maa Brahmacharini, the second form of Maa Durga, is dressed in white attire. She holds a garland of chanting beads in her right hand and a Kamandal (wooden reliquary carried by the saints for water) in her left hand. She does not ride on any vehicle but stands on the earth on foot. Apart from the crown on the head, she is adorned with lotus flowers. Hand bracelets, necklaces, ear coils and armlets are all made of lotus flowers.
ॐ देवी ब्रह्मचारिण्यै नमः॥
Om Devi Brahmacharinyai Namah॥
या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ ब्रह्मचारिणी रूपेण संस्थिता।
नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥
Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Maa Brahmacharini Rupena Samsthita। Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah॥
Devotees worship Mata Brahmacharini on the second day of Navratri. Dressed in pure white clothes, with a mala in right hand and a kamadal in the left, Mata Brahmacharini is the embodiment of loyalty, love and devotion. Mata Brahmacharini abodes the Swathisthana Chakra also known as the Sacral Chakra. Mata Brahmacharini worshipped unamenably for 5000 years to achieve the love and acceptance of Lord Shiva. Her unflinching resolve and devotion to Lord Shiva, also forced Lord Shiva to accept the love of Mata Brahmacharini. Blessings of Maa Brahmacharini are must for a happy married life of all women. Moreover, Mata Brahmacharini provides strength and courage to her devotees, enabling them to face and also conquer over all problems in their lives. Maa Brahmacharini brings peace, self-confidence, wisdom, courage, fearlessness, and harmony in the lives of her devotees.
It is believed that this form of Goddess is related to Mars. If there is Mangal Dosh in horoscope, then worshiping Goddess Brahmacharini removes all Mangal Doshas. If you have been suffering from any disease for a long time, then that too goes away by the worship of Goddess Brahmacharini. Worshiping Goddess Brahmacharini increases self-confidence and inner-strength. Persons with zodiac sign Taurus or Libra must worship Goddess Brahmacharini and should offer panch amrit (milk, curd, sugar, melted butter and honey) to the Goddess. Also, offer betel nut to worship Maa Brahmacharini.
By worship of Goddess Brahmacharini one gets the boon of long life. The worship of Mata Brahmacharini helps in purification of mind. Worshiping the second form of Navadurga, Maa Brahmacharini, leads to enlightenment. Worshiping Mata Brahmacharini helps in removing the inauspiciousness of Mars. Mata Brahmacharini controls Mars and those who have inauspicious Mars in their Kundali, benefit heavily by worshiping Mata Brahmacharini.
जय अम्बे ब्रह्मचारिणी माता। जय चतुरानन प्रिय सुख दाता॥
ब्रह्मा जी के मन भाती हो। ज्ञान सभी को सिखलाती हो॥
ब्रह्म मन्त्र है जाप तुम्हारा। जिसको जपे सरल संसारा॥
जय गायत्री वेद की माता। जो जन जिस दिन तुम्हें ध्याता॥
कमी कोई रहने ना पाए। उसकी विरति रहे ठिकाने॥
जो तेरी महिमा को जाने। रद्रक्षा की माला ले कर॥
जपे जो मन्त्र श्रद्धा दे कर। आलस छोड़ करे गुणगाना॥
माँ तुम उसको सुख पहुँचाना। ब्रह्मचारिणी तेरो नाम॥
पूर्ण करो सब मेरे काम। भक्त तेरे चरणों का पुजारी॥
रखना लाज मेरी महतारी।
According to the legend, in the previous birth, Maa Brahmacharini was born as a daughter of the Himalayas. With Narad Muni’s guidance, she performed austerities to get Lord Shiva as her husband. Due to this hard penance, she was named as Maa Tapashcharini or Maa Brahmacharini. Maa Brahmacharini spent one thousand years eating fruits and flowers and for a hundred years lived on the land by eating the herbs. After this, the Maa kept, a hard fast and tolerated the rain and sun under the open sky, eating only the broken bilva patra (bel leaves), and worshiping Mahadev.
Even after all these efforts when Lord Shiva did not appear before her, Maa Brahmacharini gave up eating dry Bel Patras and continued austerities for several thousand years, waterless and foodless. Because of her huge sacrifice of leaving food she got the name Aparna. Maa Brahmacharini became very weak due to hard penance. The gods, sages, all described Maa Brahmacharini’s penance as an unprecedented virtuous act, praised and said, O Goddess, no one has done such rigorous penance till date. This was possible only by you. Your wish will be fulfilled, and you will receive Shiv Ji as your husband. Now leave penance and return home.