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The fourth day of Navratri is the day to worship the fourth divine form of Maa Durga who the provider of Siddhis, Maa Kushmanda. Worshiping Maa Kushmanda helps in getting the Siddhis which leads to removal of all disease and sorrows. Goddess Kushmanda is also known as Ashtabhuja Devi. It is said that when there was no universe there was only darkness all around then Maa Kushmanda spread her divine light all around and created the Universe. For this reason, Maa Kushmanda is also known as Adiswaroopa and Adishakti. The name of Maa Kushmanda constitutes of two parts: Kushma meaning ‘a little warmth’ and anda meaning ‘the cosmic egg’.
Maa Kushmanda’s residence is in the world inside Surya or the Sun. The ability & capacity to dwell inside the Sun is only possessed by Maa Kushmanda. With Maa Kushmanda’s glory the four directions are glorious. That is why the radiance and brilliance of her body is just as bright as that of the sun. Maa has a strong hold on all the objects and beings of this universe due to her extreme powers.
Om Devi Kushmandayai Namah॥
या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ कूष्माण्डा रूपेण संस्थिता।
नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥
Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Maa Kushmanda Rupena Samsthita। Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah॥
40 kilometres from Kanpur town in the Ghatampur district is located a nearly 1000 year old temple of Mata Khushmanda. The foundation of this was laid by Raja Ghatampur Darshan in 1380. It has a statue of Mata lying on a platform. The temple was constructed in 1890 by businessman Chandidin Bhurji of Ghatampur.
The fourth form of Maa Durga, Maa Kushmanda, is in a lying posture in this ancient temple. Water is continuously dripping (oozing) from Pindi (ingot, nub) form of lying Mata Kushmanda and devotees drink this water as Prasad (Blessings). It is said that complicated diseases get cured by drinking this amrit like prasad. However, it remains a mystery as to how the water comes out of the Pindi. Many scientists have performed many years of research but could not discover anything about this miracle of Maa Kushmanda.
A legend behind the temple is that Ghatampur region was once a dense forest. During that time a shepherd named Kuddhaha used to graze a cow. His cow used to come to Mata’s Pindi and feed all the milk to the Mata’s Pindi. When the shepherd Kuddhaha went home in the evening, his cow did not give milk. One day the Kudhaha chased the cow and saw the whole thing. He was surprised to see this. He told this thing to the people in the village. When everyone went to see this, they found Pindi of Mata Kushmanda. People started drinking the water coming out of the Pindi as a Prasad of the Mata. It is believed that if one takes bath before sunrise and drinks this neer or sacred water for six months then any disease of his is cured.
The water in the pond near the temple never dries up whether it rains or not and it does not affect the pond.
Mata Kushmanda abodes the Anahata Chakra also known as the Heart Chakra. Mata Kushmanda produced ‘anda’ also known as the cosmic egg, creating the whole universe. Being the Adi Shakti herself, Maa Kushmanda, bestows good health, strength and wealth onto her devotees. Maa Kushmanda is the source of energy and light required for life. Moreover, the blessings of Maa Kushmanda can cure all diseases and bless her devotees with bodily harmony and peace in their lives. Maa Kushmanda takes away darkness from the lives of her devotees and fills them with the divine and serene light of her blessings.
The fourth form of Adishakti Durga in the form of Mata Kushmanda provides all happiness to the devotees. All the diseases and grief of the devotees are eradicated by worshiping Maa Kushmanda. Their devotion towards Maa leads to increase in age, fame, strength and health. Maa Kushmanda is pleased with minimal service and devotion. By worshiping her, the devotees get the pleasure, knowledge, love, energy, age, fame, strength, health and children. By worshiping her, all kinds of diseases, bereavement, suffering of the devotees are eliminated and pure blood is circulated in the heart. Worshiping Mata Kushmanda ends physical suffering. If a human takes refuge of her with a sincere heart, then he can attain the ultimate position (param pad) with great ease.
कूष्माण्डा जय जग सुखदानी। मुझ पर दया करो महारानी॥
पिङ्गला ज्वालामुखी निराली। शाकम्बरी माँ भोली भाली॥
लाखों नाम निराले तेरे। भक्त कई मतवाले तेरे॥
भीमा पर्वत पर है डेरा। स्वीकारो प्रणाम ये मेरा॥
सबकी सुनती हो जगदम्बे। सुख पहुँचती हो माँ अम्बे॥
तेरे दर्शन का मैं प्यासा। पूर्ण कर दो मेरी आशा॥
माँ के मन में ममता भारी। क्यों ना सुनेगी अरज हमारी॥
तेरे दर पर किया है डेरा। दूर करो माँ संकट मेरा॥
मेरे कारज पूरे कर दो। मेरे तुम भंडारे भर दो॥
तेरा दास तुझे ही ध्याए। भक्त तेरे दर शीश झुकाए॥
According to Shiva Mahapuran, Devi Sati’s father King Daksha once performed a yagna. King Daksha invited all the Gods and Goddesses to the Yagna. But Shankar Bhagwan was not invited. Maa Sati joined that yagna against the will of Lord Shankar. Goddess Sati’s father made derogatory remarks towards Lord Shiva, due to which she got angry and sacrificed her life by jumping in the yagna. Parts body of Mata Sati fell in different places. The fourth part is believed to have fallen in Ghatampur. Mata Kushmanda has enthroned (viraajamaan/seated) here since then.