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This form of Maa Durga is gentle and calm. Maa Shailputri wears white clothes & always has a gently smile on her face. The vehicle of Maa Shailputri is Taurus hence she is also known as Vishorudha and Uma. Maa Shailputri holds trident in her right hand. This trident gives blessings to the devotees and destroys the sinners. Maa holds a beautiful lotus flower in her right-hand symbolizing knowledge and peace. Worshiping her on the first day of Navratri is considered very auspicious.
During Navratri festival nine different forms of Goddess Durga which are also known as Navadurga, are worshiped. The nine days of Navratri are considered very sacred for devotion and spiritual practice. Maa Shailputri – the first divine form of Mother Durga is worshipped on the first day of Navratri.
ॐ देवी शैलपुत्र्यै नमः॥
Om Devi Shailaputryai Namah॥
या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ शैलपुत्री रूपेण संस्थिता।
नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥
Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Maa Shailputri Rupena Samsthita। Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah॥
Devotees worship Mata Shailputri on the first day of Navratri. Other names of Maa Shailputri are Sati, Bhavani, Parvati, and Hemavati. She embodies the power of Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh. Mata Shailputri abodes the Muladhara Chakra also known as the Root Chakra. She represents the element of earth. Maa Shailputri provides eternal peace and spiritual wisdom to devotees. Moreover, any devotee with Chandra Dosha in his Kundali, attains mental peace and happiness by offering prayers to Maa Shailputri. Additionally, unmarried girls can get suitable partner with the blessings of Maa Shailputri. Married women also obtain peace and happiness in their married lives by worshipping Mata Shailputri.
Maa Shailputri is born of rock or stone, so her worship brings stability in life. Due to the worship of Maa Shailputri, the marital life becomes happy and there is happiness in the house. With her Archana (Worship), the Muladhara Chakra is awakened, which is very auspicious. Maa Shailputri has a half-moon on her forehead, so it is believed that Maa Shailputri represents the moon. By worshiping Maa Shailputri, a person can avoid all kinds of defects and side effects of the moon. The worship of Maa Shailputri on the first day of Navratri removes all kinds of faults associated with the moon (Chandra) and brings good luck. Worshiping the Goddess Shailputri liberates one from tamasic (Dark) elements. It is said that mere reciting the name of Maa Shailputri brings purity to the house.
शैलपुत्री माँ बैल असवार। करें देवता जय जय कार॥
शिव-शंकर की प्रिय भवानी। तेरी महिमा किसी ने न जानी॥
पार्वती तू उमा कहलावें। जो तुझे सुमिरे सो सुख पावें॥
रिद्धि सिद्धि परवान करें तू। दया करें धनवान करें तू॥
सोमवार को शिव संग प्यारी। आरती जिसने तेरी उतारी॥
उसकी सगरी आस पुजा दो। सगरे दुःख तकलीफ मिटा दो॥
घी का सुन्दर दीप जला के। गोला गरी का भोग लगा के॥
श्रद्धा भाव से मन्त्र जपायें। प्रेम सहित फिर शीश झुकायें॥
जय गिरराज किशोरी अम्बे। शिव मुख चन्द्र चकोरी अम्बे॥
मनोकामना पूर्ण कर दो। चमन सदा सुख सम्पत्ति भर दो॥
Maa Shailputri was the daughter of Prajapati Daksha in her former birth and her name was Sati. Adi Shakti Devi Sati was married to Lord Shiva. Once Prajapati Daksha decided to perform a yagna. For this he sent an invitation to all the gods and goddesses, but not to Lord Shiva. Goddess Sati who was waiting for an invitation never received one. She was restless to go to that yagna, but Lord Shiva refused. He said that no invitation has come to him to go to the yagna and hence it is not appropriate to go there. Sati did not listen to the advice of Lord Shiva and kept insisting on going to the yagna. Because of Sati’s strong insistence Shiva gave her permission to go there.
When Sati reached her father Prajapati Daksha place, she reeved cold treatment from her family. Her father was not fond of Mahadev and made his intentions clear. Even her sisters ridiculed and even despised Lord Shiva.
This behavior of family members and the sense of disdain for Lord Shiva caused a lot of grief to Mata Sati. Daksha made derogatory remarks towards Lord Shiva. Seeing all this, Sati’s heart became filled with anger, guilt, and grief. She realized that not to listening to Lord Shiva and coming here was a mistake.
She could not tolerate the humiliation of herself and her husband Lord Shiva and then the next moment she took the step which even Daksha would not have imagined. Devi Sati jumped in the fire of the same yagna and sacrificed her body to the yagna agni. When Lord Shiva came to know of this incident, he was enraged and burning in a flame of sorrow and anger, Shiva destroyed the Yagya and beheaded Daksha.
Maa Sati was born in the next life as the daughter of Shailraj Himalaya as Shailputri. Parvati and Hemavati are also other names of the goddess. Maa Shailputri later married Lord Shiva.