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Maa Saraswati is the Goddess of knowledge. The task of holding a person’s hand and taking them on the right path through the dark parts of life is performed by Veena Vadini, Maa Saraswati. The way to the righteous path, and the path of happiness is achieved by the infinite power of knowledge. An ignorant person can achieve neither material nor supernatural goals in his life. This knowledge is not only bookish knowledge but also practical knowledge. It is only from Maa Saraswati Puja and blessings that a person achieves the concentration, focus, and psychological capacity to become successful in life. The balance of intelligence and discretion remains in the gaiety with Maa Saraswati Puja.
An undisputed fact that is often observed in life is that no matter how rich a person gets, without knowledge and wisdom, it will not sustain. Thus, one can become wealthy and prosperous with the blessings of Mata Lakshmi. However, one needs the blessings of Maa Saraswati, who confers the devotee with wisdom and knowledge, to sustain those riches. In other words, to sustain wealth and prosperity, wisdom is essential; and to develop wealth, knowledge is a must. Thus, Maa Saraswati Puja holds an immense significance in the lives of devotees. For students, Maa Saraswati Puja is even more significant. Students offer special prayers to Maa Saraswati to seek her blessings for success in their studies, and competitive examination.
• One who performs Maa Saraswati is blessed with intelligence, wisdom, learning, and knowledge. Maa Saraswati is the Goddess of learning, and her prayer has special significance for students. Maa Saraswati Puja is beneficial for people who take up intellectual pursuits. Maa Saraswati Puja before examinations helps students to achieve great success.
• Saraswati Mata is the controller of voice, arts, music, and creativity. Thus, to invoke Maa Saraswati’s blessings, musicians pray to her before partaking in any concerts. Those, wishing to develop a name in the film and entertainment
• Maa Saraswati takes her worshipers from the darkness of ignorance to the light of knowledge and bestows them with the treasures of wisdom, knowledge, wealth, and intellectual strength.
• Maa Saraswati Puja is of special importance for people from all areas and of varied personal strengths. The Goddess of wisdom, Maa Saraswati blesses her devotees with her love and affection. Special children who are mentally challenged, or adults suffering with psychological diseases benefit from Maa Saraswati Puja. Those suffering with an emotional trauma, or struggling with a mental health issue, gain emotional stability and peace of mind with Saraswati Puja.
• Sitting on a white lotus flower, Maa Saraswati has appeared in the tranquil lake of knowledge, adorned with auspicious clothes, holding a veena, book, and rosary in her hands. This form of her removes her devotees from the darkness of illusion and fascination and takes them towards the light of knowledge and enlightenment.
• By performing Maa Saraswati Puja, one attains harmony, creativity, and inspiration. Writers, poets, and artists are inspired for creative activity. If she is pleased, then even a fool can become as knowledgeable as the poet Kalidas, who became famous as the great poet of Sanskrit, after receiving the blessings of Maa Saraswati.
• Maa Saraswati, who gives the boon of knowledge, destroys all kinds of ignorance and darkness. Those who worship her not only get the boon of wisdom but also all their desires are fulfilled. She blesses the devotee with wealth, fame, and knowledge.
• Maa Saraswati Puja is also beneficial before starting children’s education or before undertaking a new endeavor. Devotees become proficient experts in education, music, art, etc with the blessings of Mata. The recitation of Maa Saraswati Mantras increases intelligence and power of speech.
• Maa Saraswati Puja makes the world a better place by bringing knowledge, enlightenment, creativity, and purity of thoughts.
The task of taking a person on the right path through dark life is on the shoulders of Saraswati Mata. Maa Saraswati Puja confers the devotee with wisdom and knowledge, without which both wealth and prosperity cannot continue. Maa Saraswati Puja inspires one to increase the virtues of truth, non-violence, forgiveness, tolerance, compassion, love, and benevolence while protecting from evils like lust, anger, item, greed, attachment, ego, etc.
Maa Saraswati Puja has special significance in Hinduism. According to the Hindu calendar, Maa Saraswati Puja is performed on the fifth day of the Shukla Paksha of Magha month (January/February), the day popularly known as Vasant Panchami, Gyan Panchami or Sri Panchami. Vasant Panchami is celebrated as the day of the manifestation of Maa Saraswati and is recognized as Maa Saraswati Jayanti. Maa Saraswati, who is full of knowledge, speech, intelligence, wisdom, learning, and arts, is worshiped on this day. Devotees wear yellow clothes to worship Maa Saraswati, the Goddess of learning, on Vasant Panchami. Over the years, Vasant Panchami has been continuously mentioned and is depicted in varied forms in the Puranas, Shastras, and many ancient poetry texts.
Spring is the most loved season among the six seasons celebrated in India. When the flowers come out, mustard flowers in the fields start shining like gold, barley and wheat flowers start blooming, mango trees become covered with sprouts (flowers), and colourful butterflies start hovering allover. Spring is a season when the winds are neither too hot nor too cold. A season when new Sprouts are born, and a new life is created. Just as we celebrate the happiness of a newborn child, similarly, this beginning of the season is also considered very important in Hindu tradition. It becomes even more important when this season is associated with Maa Saraswati Puja. To welcome the spring season, a big celebration is held on the fifth day of the month of Magha, and Maa Saraswati is worshipped on the festival of Vasant Panchami.
It is said that Maa Saraswati appeared on the day of Magh Shukla Panchami; hence Maa Saraswati Puja is celebrated every year on this date. On this day people start the education of their children and teach them thier first alphabet. This day is also good for starting the acquisition of knowledge of music, art, etc. It is also believed that the Maa Saraswati is pleased by her Puja on this day and blesses the devotees to be proficient in knowledge, music, art, etc.
Vasant Panchami is seen as an important festival day celebrated by Hindus in India, Nepal, and by Hindus throughout the world. Vasant Panchami is celebrated as the day of the manifestation of Maa Saraswati or Maa Saraswati Jayanti. In West Bengal, it is called Shri Panchami. In the South, Maa Saraswati is worshipped, along with Devi Lakshmi and Parvati, on the day of Ayudha Puja during Navratri. Ayudha Puja is also called “Astra Puja,” which means “worship of instruments.” In Gujarat, Maa Saraswati is also worshipped along with Lord Ganesha and Mata Lakshmi on the day of Diwali. It is a strong belief that the blessings of all three deities are very beneficial for growth, success, and prosperity.
|| Om Aim Hreem Kleem Mahaasarasvatee Devyai Namah ||
|| Ya Devee Sarvabhooteshu Buddhiroopenasansth
Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah ||
|| Om Hreem Aim Hreem Sarasvatyai Namah ||
Maa Saraswati takes her worshipers from the darkness of ignorance to the light of knowledge. Maa Saraswati is one of the principal Goddesses in Hinduism. She, along with Maa Parvati and Maa Mahalakshmi, form the trinity of Goddesses. The Trinity of Goddesses are of immense significance along with the Trinity of Gods; Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh. The three Goddesses are crucial for the Gods to perform their respective duties to create, maintain and destroy.
Maa Saraswati is the Goddess of intelligence, knowledge, music, speech, art, wisdom, and learning. Maa Saraswati is also known by names like Bharti, Gira, Mahasweta, Sharda, Hanswasini, and Vindhyavasini. Maa Saraswati is the wife of Lord Brahma and resides in Bramhapura (the adobe of Lord Bramha), as stated in Bhagwat Purana. It is believed that Maa Saraswati is the mother of all Vedas.
प्रणो देवी सरस्वती वाजेभिर्वजिनीवती धीनामणित्रयवतु।
Prano Devee Sarasvatee Vaajebhirvajineevatee Dheenaamanitrayavatu
Maa Saraswati removes the dullness and laziness from a man’s life and makes him truly rich with the wealth of knowledge. The prolific names of the Goddess, the presiding deity of speech and pure intellect, have been mentioned in ancient texts.
Maa Saraswati is worshiped by many names, including Vageshwari, Bhagwati, Sharda, Veenavadani, and Vagdevi. She is the provider of knowledge and wisdom and creative talent. Vasant Panchami is a festival of harmony, gaiety, enthusiasm, learning, intelligence, and knowledge. Maa Saraswati is the presiding deity of learning, wisdom, knowledge, and discretion. She blesses her devotees with wisdom, intellect, sweet and articulate speech, and progressive increment in knowledge. On the day of Vasant Panchami, Maa Saraswati appeared on earth with her gift/power of knowledge. That is why Vasant Panchami is also called Vidya Jayanti where Vidya refers to knowledge and education.
• Devotees, after taking a bath, wear yellow clothes.
• On a raised platform, the yellow-colored cloth is spread and the idol of Maa Saraswati dressed in white/yellow is placed in the center, and also an idol of Lord Ganesha is placed by her side.
• Small lamp and incense sticks are lightened in front of the idols.
• Books, notebooks, musical instruments are also placed before the idols for the blessings.
• On a plate, rice, turmeric, kumkum, flowers, and yellow sweets/ sweet yellow-colored cooked rice are placed and are offered to Maa Saraswati and Lord Ganesha.
• Then with closed eyes and joined hands, Maa Saraswati mantras and Aarti are recited.
• At the conclusion of Puja and after Aarti, Prasad is distributed.
• Maa Saraswati Puja is also performed in many educational institutions. Students and teachers offer prayer to Maa Saraswati to seek the blessing of the Goddess. Special cultural and musical events are also held to please the Goddess.
Yellow-colored flowers– Yellow color has special significance on the day of Vasant Panchami. It is auspicious to offer yellow flowers to Maa Saraswati on the day of Vasant Panchami. This pleases her, and she bestows with the boon of knowledge. Wearing yellow-colored clothes on this day is also considered auspicious.
Include these things in the worship – Pen, book, notes, music instrument, etc. based on what you hope to learn, should be included in Maa Saraswati Puja on the day of Vasant Panchami. It is said that by this, one gets the boon of talent required for achieving success.
Prasad of yellow-colored sweets – After worshiping Maa Saraswati, prasad is offered in form of yellow-colored sweets. Sweets like Ladoo, sweet yellow rice, saffron, kheer, rajbhog, and khichdi are offered to please Maa Saraswati.
When spring season prevails, then looking at nature, it seems that she has worn a yellow sheet. Due to the yellow rays of the rising sun, the yellow color spreads to the horizon. The fields are full of yellow mustard flowers, so the new buds growing on the trees are still raising their heads for yellowing. This yellowness of nature is a sign of returning to consciousness. It tells that the way time seemed stagnant or hazy due to the winter season, now it is moving ahead and bringing changes. The earth, colored in the color of change, celebrates Vasant Panchami during this time.
Hindus associate with Maa Saraswati yellow color as her favorite color. Yellow color significant in the Maa Saraswati Puja. In the north region of India, Basanti or yellow color is termed as pure and pious and is a color for peace, optimism, prosperity, light, energy, and positivity. Therefore yellow flowers are offered to Maa Saraswati, especially mustard or marigold flowers, as a symbol of the spring season as they are available in abundance during this term.
It is believed that wearing yellow clothes on the day of Maa Saraswati Puja is very auspicious. Wearing yellow clothes is a symbol of oneness or union with nature. It tells us that we are not separate from nature. We are like nature. From the spiritual point of view, the yellow color also shows priority. It is said that when the universe was born, there were three auras of light. Red-yellow and blue. Of these, the yellow aura appeared first.
Yellow clothes are worn on Vasant Panchami to honor this vision of spirituality. It gives a pleasant feeling, makes one feel new. Brings positivity removes inertia. Hence yellow color becomes the demand of spring. The yellow color keeps our nervous system balanced and our brain active. In this way, it also becomes the color of knowledge. Therefore, on the special day of Maa Saraswati, the Goddess of knowledge, wear yellow clothes.
Medical science believes that colors have the first effect on one’s physical and mental health. If one is coming out of a stressful environment or a very busy schedule, then the yellow color can give energy. The yellow color symbolizes passion, energy, and enthusiasm. Color therapy experts say that plants with yellow flowers should be kept at the office place. One can also keep yellow flowers on the table in the office or home. One can also use this color in the kitchen at home. Dark colors give enthusiasm, energy, and positivity; light colors keep calm. The yellow color is light as well as dark.
It strengthens mental health. Yellow color also increases blood circulation. Yellow color is beneficial in curing swelling, tonsils, intermittent fever, colic, dyspepsia, vomiting, jaundice, bloody piles, insomnia, and whooping cough. The most perfect example of this is turmeric. Yellow color is prominent in religious work. It is the color of the clothes of Lord Vishnu. Yellow color is considered auspicious in worship. Saffron or yellow color is the factor of planets and also affects the zodiac signs. The yellow color symbolizes happiness.
Ancient Hindu scriptures depict Maa Saraswati as an elegant lady dressed in white embellished white pearls and flowers. The white clothes she is wearing inspire us to increase the virtues of truth, non-violence, forgiveness, tolerance, compassion, love, benevolence, etc., and protect ourselves from evils like lust, anger, item, greed, attachment ego, etc.
In most of the Puranas, Maa Saraswati is shown sitting on a blooming white lotus flower in a wide stretch of water (the tranquil lake of knowledge). The mud cannot touch the lotus blooming in the mud. That is why Maa Saraswati sitting on the lotus, wants to give us this message that no matter how much we have to live in a polluted environment, we should keep ourselves so that evil cannot affect us.
Maa Saraswati is depicted with four arms, holding a Veena (a musical instrument similar to sitar), book (Vedas), a rosary, and Kamandal (a water pot) in her hands. The book she holds symbolizes the Vedas, which represents the universal, eternal, divine, and true knowledge and all forms of learning. The power of meditation, inner reflection, and spirituality is represented by the rosary (Garland of crystals or rudraksha beads), which she holds in her hand. Kamandal, the pot of water, symbolizes the purifying power to separate right from wrong, the clean from the unclean, and the drink that liberates and leads to knowledge. The Veena (the musical instrument) she holds represents all creative arts and sciences, and holding it symbolizes knowledge that creates harmony. The four arms of Maa Saraswati symbolize self-consciousness, intellect, alertness, and the mind.
Her vehicle is Swan (Hansa) which is often shown near her feet. The Swan, in Hindu mythology, is considered a sacred bird, which is said to be able to drink the milk alone from the mixture of milk and water. The Swan not only symbolizes the ability to discriminate between good and evil but also spiritual perfection. Maa Saraswati is also called “Hansavahini,” which means –’ the one who has Hansa (Swan) as her vehicle.
According to the Hindu texts, Brahma Ji looked over what was made after creating the universe and realized it utterly lacked in concept and shapeless. So to help him with this monumental task of creating a form of the universe, Brahma Ji decided to create the embodiment of knowledge, wisdom, and art. So from his mouth, the Devi Saraswati – the Goddess of knowledge, art, and wisdom emerged. Maa Saraswati emerged from Brahma Ji and began to give Lord Braham directions for creating order in the cosmos; the sun, stars, and moon all came into existence. The sound of her Veena filled the universe with vital energy and sound. Things and the cosmos acquired a shape. The sky rose to form the heavens; the sea went into the abyss below, the earth stood in between. Gods became lords of the celestial spheres; humans walked on earth. There was the rhythm of life everywhere. Lord Brahma, along with Maa Saraswati, became the creator of the world. Maa Saraswati later became the bride of Brahma Ji.
According to another legend in the ancient scriptures, Lord Brahma created the creatures, at the behest of Lord Shiva in the early period of creation. But he was not satisfied with his creation; he felt that something was missing due to which there is silence all around. Then Brahma Ji, to solve this problem taking water from his Kamandal in his palm and took a resolution and, after sprinkling water, started praising Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu immediately appeared after hearing the praise of Brahma Ji, and knowing his problem; Lord Vishnu invoked Adishakti Durga Mata. Due to being invoked by Vishnu Ji, Bhagwati Durga appeared there immediately, and then Brahma Ji and Vishnu Ji requested her to remove this crisis. After listening to the words of Brahma Ji and Vishnu Ji, at that very moment from the body of Adishakti, Durga Mata emitted out a heavy white-colored effulgence which turned into a divine woman. This form was a four-armed beautiful woman with a Veena in one hand and the other in a Var mudra (blessing posture). In the other two hands were a book and a garland. As soon as the Goddesses appeared from the effulgence emanating from the body of Mata Durga, she played the Veena, by which all the living beings of the world got the voice. Then, for the First time, there came the sound of water flowing in the stream. Next, the wind started to rustle. Then all the deities called the Goddess who gave the sound and tune as Goddess of speech “Saraswati.” Then Adishakti Bhagwati Durga told Brahma Ji that this Maa Saraswati, born from my effulgence, will become your wife, just as Mata Lakshmi is the power of Shri Vishnu, Mata Parvati is the power of Mahadev Shiva, and in the same way, this Maa Saraswati will be your power. Saying this, Adishakti Mata Durga disappeared from the sight of all the deities there
According to mythological beliefs, Mahalakshmi Devi first appeared at the time of the creation of the universe. Then she invoked Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu, and Lord Brahma. When these three gods appeared, Maa Mahalakshmi requested the three gods to manifest the goddesses according to their qualities. Lord Shiva invoked Mahakali from Tamogun (Anger), Lord Vishnu invoked Maa Lakshmi from Rajoguna (luxuries and majestic glamour), and Maa Saraswati from Satguna (good deeds). When these three Goddesses appeared, then to conduct the creation, Mata Mahalakshmi presented the Goddesses to the god who had invoked that Goddess. After this, Mahalakshmi herself got absorbed in the form of Maa Lakshmi. Brahma Ji, after completing the creation of the universe, saw the creation he had created; it looked calm as a dead body because there was neither any voice nor speech in the creation. Brahma Ji did not like seeing his indifferent creation. Brahma Ji went to Lord Vishnu and told him about his indifferent creation. Then Lord Vishnu told Brahma Ji that Maa Saraswati could solve your problem. You invoke her. With the sound of her Veena, the sound will start flowing in your creation. According to the words of Lord Vishnu, Brahma Ji invoked Saraswati Devi. Brahma Ji requested her to fill the voice (tune) in the universe with her Veena when Saraswati Mata appeared. As soon as Maa Saraswati touched the strings of the Veena, the word ‘Sa’ suddenly broke out. This word is the first note in the seven notes of music. With this sound, the sound started flowing in the silent creation of Brahma. Winds, oceans, animals and birds, and other creatures got the voice. The sound started erupting from the rivers. This pleased Brahma. He addressed Saraswati as the ‘Goddess of Speech’ and named her ‘Vageshwari,’ also a name of Maa Saraswati. She is also called ‘Venapani’ because of having a Veena in the hands of Saraswati Mata. The day of Vasant Panchami is the day of the manifestation of Maa Saraswati and is celebrated as Maa Saraswati Jayanti. The practice of worshiping Maa Saraswati on the day of Vasant Panchami has been going on for centuries.
With the arrival of spring, every particle of nature blossoms. Humans, even animals and birds, are filled with glee. Every day there is a sunrise with a new zeal, and after giving a new consciousness, he leaves with the assurance of coming again the next day. Although the entire month of Magh is encouraging, but the festival of Vasant Panchami (Magh Shukla, the fifth day ) affects Indian life in many ways. Since ancient times, it is considered the birthday of Maa Saraswati, the Goddess of knowledge and arts.
The educationists who love India worship Maa Saraswati on this day and pray to her to become more knowledgeable. What to say about the artists? The significance that soldiers have for their weapons and Vijaya Dashami (Dussehra), which scholars have their books and Vyasa Purnima, traders have their scales, weights, books, and Deepawali, Vasant Panchami is of the same importance for artists. Poets or writers, singers or instrumentalists, artists of plays or dancers, everyone starts the day by Maa Saraswati Puja and the worship of their instruments and on Vasant Panchami.
This festival also reminds us of many events of the past. First of all, it connects us with Treta Yuga. After the abduction of Mata Sita by Ravana, Shri Ram moved south in search of her. There was also Dandakaranya in the places where he went. Here lived a Bhilani named Shabri. When Shri Ram came to her hut, she lost her senses and, after first tasting herself, started feeding sweet berry to Ram Ji. All the singers of Ram Katha presented this incident involving the Joothe (half-eaten) berries of love in their own way.
That area of Dandakaranya is spread over Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh these days. There is a place in the Dang district of Gujarat where Shabari Maa’s ashram was. Ram Chandra ji had come there on the day of Vasant Panchami. The forest dwellers of that area still worship a rock, about which they have faith that Shri Ram came and sat there. There is also a temple of Shabri Mata there.