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The ninth incarnation of Maa Durga is Maa Siddhidatri. She is the giver of all kinds of Siddhis hence she is called Siddhidatri (‘Siddhi’ means ‘Supernatural power’ and ‘Datri’ means ‘the awarder/ giver’). Since ancient times, the supernatural, paranormal, magical powers and spiritual powers obtained through meditation and penance in Indian culture has been called Siddhis. Siddhi means the attainment of perfection, accomplishment and the feeling of success. The final form of Maa Durga, Maa Siddhidatri, is worshipped on the ninth day of Navratri.
With the grace of Siddhidatri Mata, a devotee cab achieves all types of siddhis and can become successful in attaining salvation. Eight Siddhis that are mentioned in the Markandeya Purana include Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Praapti, Prakamya, Ishita and Vashishta. Bhagwati Siddhidatri offers all these accomplishments (Siddhis) to her devotees. The rituals of Navratri end with the worship of this final form of Maa Durga. This day is also called Ramnavami / Mahanavami and the next day of Sharadiya Navratri i.e. 10th day is celebrated as Rama’s victory over Ravana. On the tenth day, Vijaya Dashami (Dussehra) is celebrated as a symbol of the victory of good over evil. On this day figurines of Ravana, Kumbhakaran and Meghnath are burnt.
On the occasion of Mahanavami eternal knowledge and all Siddhis can be gained. Since the start of the universe, Maa Durga has appeared in nine forms on earth for the welfare of the world and her final form is that of Mata Siddhidatri. It is said in Devi Purana that by the grace of Maa Siddhidatri, Shivshankar had attained Siddhis. The form of Lord Shiva with half body of Mahadev and other half of Maa Shakti called Ardhanarishwar is symbolic of power and supreme siddhis.
Maa Siddhidatri has many names. Some of these names are as follows:
Anima, Laghima, Praapti, Prakamya, Glory, Ishvita, Vashitva, Sarvakamavasayita, Sarvagyatv, Doorsaravana, Prakaravaavanas, Vakasiddhi, Kalpavrikshaattva, Srishti, Sanhaarakaranasaamarthy, Amaratv, Sarvanyaayakatv, Bhaavana, & Maa Siddhi.
या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ सिद्धिदात्री रूपेण संस्थिता।
नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥
Devotees worship Mata Siddhidatri on the final ninth day of Navratri. Mata Siddhidatri abodes the Sahasrara Chakra or Crown Chakra. She associates with the color White. Moreover, Maa Siddhidatri is the datri or provider of siddhis or divine powers. Additionally, Maa Siddhidatri or Maa Mahashakti is the supreme and the original form of Maa Durga. In fact Mata Siddhidatri is the creator of Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh and provided them with Siddhis. She assigned the duties of creation, preservation and destruction to the three Gods. Mata Siddhidatri is the owner of eight supernatural powers or Astha – Siddhis including Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Prapti, Prakambya, Ishitva and Vashitva. Maa Siddhidatri grants all wishes of her devotees. In fact Every problem form the lives of devotees are eradicated by the blessings of Mata Siddhidatri. Maa Siddhidatri also fills the lives of her devotees with all the riches of the world, prosperity, wealth, wisdom and happiness.
Maa Siddhidatri provides all kinds of Siddhis to her devotees. The devotees that pray to Maa Siddhidatri with complete devotion are not only able attain all the eight Siddhis but are also successful in attaining salvation. Consequently, nothing in the universe would be inaccessible to such a devotee. At the same time, it is also said that the Mata Siddhidatri fulfils 26 different wishes of devotees. Worship of Maa Siddhidatri provides complete knowledge and immense wisdom to devotees. Those who come under the blessing of Maa Siddhidatri face no problems I their lives. When the Mata is pleased, she provides Riddhi-siddhi (prosperity-accomplishments) of the entire world to her devotees.
जय सिद्धिदात्री माँ तू सिद्धि की दाता। तु भक्तों की रक्षक तू दासों की माता॥
तेरा नाम लेते ही मिलती है सिद्धि। तेरे नाम से मन की होती है शुद्धि॥
कठिन काम सिद्ध करती हो तुम। जभी हाथ सेवक के सिर धरती हो तुम॥
तेरी पूजा में तो ना कोई विधि है। तू जगदम्बें दाती तू सर्व सिद्धि है॥
रविवार को तेरा सुमिरन करे जो। तेरी मूर्ति को ही मन में धरे जो॥
तू सब काज उसके करती है पूरे। कभी काम उसके रहे ना अधूरे॥
तुम्हारी दया और तुम्हारी यह माया। रखे जिसके सिर पर मैया अपनी छाया॥
सर्व सिद्धि दाती वह है भाग्यशाली। जो है तेरे दर का ही अम्बें सवाली॥
हिमाचल है पर्वत जहां वास तेरा। महा नंदा मंदिर में है वास तेरा॥
मुझे आसरा है तुम्हारा ही माता। भक्ति है सवाली तू जिसकी दाता॥
In the beginning of creation there was a deep void filled with darkness and there was no sign of life. Universe was created by Mata Khushmanda with the radiance of her energies. It is believed that Maa Khushmanda created The Trimurti- Lord Brahma with the power of creation, Lord Vishnu with the power of sustenance and Lord Shiva with the power of destruction. After creation Lord Shiva asked Mata to bestow him with Siddhis (supernatural abilities).
Maa Khushmanda created Maa Siddhidatri with the ability to give these Siddhis. Maa Siddhidatri provided Lord Shiva with 18 kinds of Siddhi (8 primary forms of perfection (Ashta Siddhi) alongwith 10 secondary form of supernatural powers). Lord Brahma required a man and a woman for creation for which he prayed for the help of Maa Siddhidatri. Maa Siddhidatri then transformed Lord Shiva’s half body into women. Lord Shiva is therefore also called as Ardhanarishwar (Ardh-half, Nari-women, Ishwar-Lord Shiva). Lord Brahma was thus able to create human beings alongwith rest of the universe.
First of all, take clean bath in the morning and wear clean clothes. Then place the idol or picture of Maa Siddhidatri on a red or yellow cloth covered wooden post or in the temple. Put a red or yellow flower on picture of Mata and light a lamp. Apply Roli (vermilion)-kumkum (Masculine) to Mata. Perform Kalash Sthapana and then offer samagri such as incense, kapoor, flowers, paan, clove pair, etc. to Mata. Pray to Maa Siddhidatri Mata while reciting her Mantra with a flower in hand. Recite all the verses of Durga Saptashati and perform the Aarti of Mata with incense and lamp.
There is a tradition of offering coconut, pudding or Halwa of semolina (suji) and black gram to the Mata on the ninth day of Navratri as bhog. After offering bhog distribute it in Prasad form. After Aarti, as per their customs some devotees perform Kanjak Puja on Mahanavami. In this Kanya Puja young girls (typically up to 9 years of age) are worshiped. It is believed that these girls are the form of Goddess Durga. Coconut, Pudding and black gram along with Dakshina are given after worshiping the girls. A special havan is performed on this day by the devotees with the wish of achieving Siddhis.